There are many people worldwide who die prematurely due to Diabetes. Between 2000 and 2016, there was a 5% increase in premature mortality from diabetes. In high-income countries the premature mortality rate due to diabetes decreased from 2000 to 2010 but then increased in 2010-2016. In lower-middle-income countries, the premature mortality rate due to diabetes increased across both periods.This can be prevented.
Diabetes occurs when your blood glucose, or blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose comes from the food we eat and is our main source of energy. Glucose is assisted by insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, to get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes our bodies do not make enough—or any—insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then remains in our blood and doesn’t reach our cells.
As time goes on, too much glucose in our blood can cause serious health issues Diabetes has no cure. However, there are steps we can take to stay healthy. It is important to note that every case of diabetes is serious and should not be taken lightly. Diabetes affects both those who are suffering from the disease as well as those who have to care for them.
Different types of diabetes.
The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, the body does not make insulin. Your immune system attacks and destroys the insulin cells in your pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any stage. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive.
Type 2 diabetes and Probable Causes.
In type 2 diabetes, the body does not make or use insulin well. Type 2 diabetes can develop at any stage, including childhood. It is, however, most common in middle-aged and older people. It is the most common type of diabetes. Concentrations of ceramide lipids in blood plasma and tissues are strongly associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), hepatic steatosis, and cardiovascular disease, which are caused by lipotoxicity and insulin resistance.
Health problems that people with diabetes can develop over time include:
How common is diabetes?
Here are some other interesting statistics from the World Health Organisation (WHO) regarding the prevalence of diabetes:
The number of people with diabetes rose from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014.
The global prevalence of diabetes* among adults over 18 years of age rose from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014 (1), meaning that by 2014, 8.5% of adults aged 18 years and older had diabetes. In 2016, diabetes was the direct cause of 1.6 million deaths and in 2012 high blood glucose was the cause of another 2.2 million deaths.
Can Diabetes Be Reversed and What is the Role of Phytonutrients?
Phytonutrients, also called phytochemicals, are chemicals produced by plants. Plants use phytonutrients to stay healthy. For example, some phytonutrients protect plants from insect attacks, while others protect against radiation from UV rays.
Phytonutrients also provide important benefits for humans who eat plant foods. Phytonutrient-rich foods include colorful fruits and vegetables, legumes, nuts, tea, whole grains and many spices. They affect human health but are not considered nutrients that are essential for life, like carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins and minerals.
Among the benefits of phytonutrients are antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Phytonutrients may also enhance immunity and intercellular communication, repair DNA damage from exposure to toxins, detoxify carcinogens and alter estrogen metabolism. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) notes that consuming a phytonutrient-rich diet seems to be an “effective strategy” for reducing cancer and heart disease risks.